Shops of Hinckley town centre’s past

Mason Moore | Hinckley Reporter | 12 July 2020

HINCKLEY’s town centre has seen many retailers try their hand at setting up shop on their high street, with prominent retail locations in Castle Street, Market Place and Regent Street.

Earlier this week, we focused on the past occupants of Hinckley’s indoor shopping complex, the Britannia Shopping Centre.

In February, we focused on the past retailers of the more recently-built outdoor shopping centre, The Crescent.

In this article, we look back on both the big name and independent retailers who tried their hand at operating in the town centre.


Before B&M Bargains made their name known on Hinckley’s high street, their retail space was best known as the space of family favourite British household retailer Woolworths.

Woolworths left Hinckley’s high street after they underwent administration and collapsed as a company back in 2009, which seen their space left vacant.

The earlier record that the Hinckley Free Press could find of B&M taking over the space dates back to 2010, a full year after Woolworths shut their doors and put their shutters down for good.


The Co-Operative department store on Castle Street was a rather spacious unit with a lot to offer from beds, to sofas, to an in-house café and even a shoe section.

When the Co-operative left the town of Hinckley, a brand-new independent family-owned furniture store snapped up the unit under the name of ‘Cut Price Suites’ from the Hinckley and Bosworth Borough Council who purchased the space back in 2016.

‘Cut Price Suites’ renamed themselves to their new identity that they are still trading by in the present day, named ‘the Jaspers of Hinckley.

The new name went into effect from April 2019. The Jaspers of Hinckley space now sports an in-house coffee shop inside named Proppa Coffee.


Although the timing is a bit blurry and hard to determine online, as there is little to no online presence, British healthy and beauty retailer Savers, once set up shop in the space that is now home to stationery retailer, The Works.


Local greengrocers, Caves, shut down their Hinckley shop back in October 2019 when they announced their rather sudden closure.

As the time of publication (12 July 2020), the ex-Caves unit on Lower Castle Street currently remains unoccupied and untouched since their closure.

Caves once owned a store over in the neighbouring town of Nuneaton before it became a very short-lived dessert parlour named Jonny Cavello’s Coffee and Desserts.

Pizza Hut Delivery

Back in 2015, a delivery franchise using the licensed and franchised ‘Pizza Hut’ brand name once set up shop delivering pizzas to Hinckley residents, where customers also had the choice to collect.

However, it didn’t operate as a dine-in service like Coventry’s dine-in Pizza Hut restaurants or Nuneaton’s former Abbey Street location.

This marks the only time the only occasion that the British arm of the American-owned pizza chain tried their hand at operating over in Hinckley.

The space now sits vacant after a failed attempt of a chip shop named the ‘Hinckley Mega Chippy’ took over the space, as well as their neighbouring unit of ‘Eat Lean’, which occupied the Ex-KFC space next door at the same time.

Hubbard’s Toy Cupboard

The most recent addition to the list of former town centre occupants is Regent Street’s independently-owned children’s toy retailer, Hubbard’s Toy Cupboard.

Hubbard’s was owned by Caroline Hubbard who had to make the sad and unfortunate announcement that she had finally had to close the doors to the space and announce a last-minute and final closing down sale.

As of this writing, the space is still closed until a new retailer steps foot into the Ex-Hubbard’s unit.

Hinckley’s past Britannia Centre occupants

Mason Moore | Hinckley Reporter | 5 July 2020

BRITANNIA CENTRE on Castle Street in Hinckley is one of the two main popular shopping complexes in the town, followed by Hinckley’s more recently-built outdoor shopping and leisure complex, The Crescent.

The Britannia Shopping Centre has been home to a fair share of quite a few different occupants over the many years that it has been open and trading, and in this article, we will be showcasing just a select few of them.

The Britannia Centre signage looking on from Castle Street (Mason Moore for Hinckley Free Press)


English catalogue retailer once operated from a unit in Britannia Centre next to O2 and Phonebox Gadgets, before they made the move over to The Crescent inside an empty unit in the Sainsbury’s supermarket.

The retailer made the move from Britannia Centre to Sainsbury’s in August 2017 after Sainsbury’s had successfully managed to buy Argos out.

The Ex-Argos space in the Castle Street-based leisure complex now sits vacant and empty, but it has been used for the Hinckley Bid arranged ‘Santa’s Amazing Grotto’ at Christmas time back in 2018 and 2019.

Argos in Sainsbury’s sits next to two retailers in their new home. Hair, nail and eyebrow specialists, The Beauty Lounge, and Timpson, who offer key cutting, engraving and shoe repair services.


Poundworld was one of the few pound shops that tried their hand at operating on Hinckley’s high street.

Similar brands have included the independently owned and now-defunct ‘Poundbase Plus’ and national discount chain, Poundland, located in The Crescent, however their business model has been moved on from the ‘Everything is £1’ mindset.

Poundworld moved into the Britannia Centre back in 3 July 2014 and sold everything from cheap confectionery, household accessories, car accessories and children’s toys.

Poundworld made the shock decision to stop operating back in July 2018, just four years after moving into the Centre.

Poundworld disappeared from high streets all around the United Kingdom after they fell into administration and collapsed as a company.

The discounter couldn’t be saved in a ‘rescue deal’, which left them with no choice but to shut down their high street stores.

Bakers Oven

The Bakers Oven was a British bakers with locations locally in both Nuneaton and Hinckley who were purchased and taken over by their main rival and competitor, Greggs, in May 1994.

The Bakers Oven in Britannia Shopping Centre was located next door to Boots. To reflect the acquisition and takeover from Greggs, the unit was rebranded with a Greggs storefront fascia, menu and redesign.

Because of this change, the area of Hinckley now have three Greggs locations. These include: Greggs Castle Street, Greggs Britannia Centre (Ex-Bakers Oven), and the newly-constructed Greggs opposite the Hansom Cab pub in Burbage in Burbage Retail Park.

Ethel Austin

Ethel Austin was a British womenswear store that had a location locally in Hinckley’s indoor complex of the Britannia Shopping Centre.

It operated around the time of the late 2000s to early 2010s, before being replaced by independent retail discounter Poundbase Plus.

Poundbase Plus closed in 2018 so the space sat vacant again until a new discounter named MaxiSaver made an agreement with the complex back in early June with Britannia bosses to take over the space in July 2020.

Looking back at Ropewalk Nuneaton’s hidden gems

Mason Moore and Vaughan Moore | 20 June 2020

ROPEWALK Shopping Centre shall soon be home to some new occupants soon, with Game opening their doors on 27 June next Saturday, JD Sports in November and Bodycare at a currently unknown time.

However, Nuneaton’s most best-known indoor shopping centre has had its fair share of hidden gems that have been long forgotten in the modern day.


Jessica’s was a short-lived sweet shop that sold a wide variety of British and American confectionery to customers.

Sweets in display boxes (Unsplash)

Jessica’s offered customers the British sweets that they know and love, as well as giving them a taste of what America has to offer.

The space is now occupied by Danish jewellery giant, Pandora.

Juicie Smoothie Bar

The Juicie Smoothie Bar was a smoothie bar that opened sometime around 2008 or 2009 until early 2012.

Smoothies and berries (Unsplash)

Sadly, there are no photographs of the unit online from when it traded as the Juicie Bar, however many residents stopped by to grab a smoothie and are familiar with the obscure smoothie bar.

The space has kept its orange coloured shutters which are the only proof of its past life in the modern era.

Since the closure in 2012, the space has since been occupied by an E-cigarette store named E Cig Wizard.


Sunny’s was an indoor café located next door to Juicie Bar.

Sunny’s offered shopgoers the choice of hot foods such as hot dogs, jacket potatoes and curries. The café also served hungry customers café classics, like slices of cake, cups of tea and coffee, cold fizzy drinks and crisps.

A baked potato (Pixabay)

The café was good competition to Juicie and one of the only independents to try their hand at setting up shop in the Ropewalk, with the other being Lite Bites who had a trial run.

All of Sunny’s online presence is no longer existent in any archived form even after being heavily promoted when it was open. All reviews have been removed from local online review sites.

The only café to remain sitting in the Ropewalk is the Coca-Cola owned British coffee giant, Costa Coffee. They remain in the complex as sole survivors as their close competition Muffin Break permanently shut for good this week due to the pandemic forcing the closure.

The Sunny’s space is now being used a currency exchange service under the name of Eurochange.

Former Higham on the Hill pubs now

Mason Moore | Hinckley Reporter | 24 May 2020

PUBS play a big part in the community aspect of an area locally, they can be used for a cheeky cheap drink and a chat, enjoying pub grub whilst watching sporting events, or a meeting place for residents to get to socialise.

The village of Higham on the Hill, located in between the market towns of Nuneaton and Hinckley, is sadly no longer home to any pubs in the area, but they were before.

The Oddfellows Arms

The Oddies has been sitting untouched since 2018 (Mason Moore for Hinckley Free Press)

The Oddfellows Arms is believed to be the oldest pub in the village as the building was originally constructed in 1791. The building started operating as a public house for the first time in 1874.

‘The Oddies’, as it was most commonly known locally, stopped trading in 2018 where it closed its doors to its patrons, and it has sat untouched ever since.

Back in October 2019, Elmesthorpe Brewery Founder, Nirad Solanki, mentioned to the Hinckley Free Press that he was unsuccessful in his attempt to purchase the pub.

In February 2020, plans were discussed to demolish The Oddies building to make way for more homes in the village.

However, in April 2020, it was announced by Hinckley and Bosworth Borough Councillor, Jonathan Collett, that the demolition plans have been withdrawn.

A group of residents in Higham on the Hill are campaigning to transform the once pub building into a community building.

Currently, the future of The Oddfellows Arms is up in the air and the building is still standing, but heavily protected with gates and security panels across all doors and windows.

The Fox Inn

The Fox Inn was a pub located near the Higham on the Hill Church of England Primary school and the local church.

The pub stopped operating as a public house back in 2012 when planning permission was submitted and successfully granted for one new dwelling and to become a house.

The Fox Inn has now became a private residential property (Mason Moore for Hinckley Free Press)

The former drinking hole has now been fully converted to a single residential property on private property, and little to no signs of its past life of a pub exist.

The Barley Sheaf Inn

It would prove a rather difficult challenge for anybody to find the site that used to be home to The Barley Sheaf Inn, if they didn’t have a helping hand in the case.

The image of the Inn which we were worked off to pinpoint and determine the accurate location, thanks to The Hinckley District Past and Present team, was dated all the way back to 1905 in black and white with no recognisable landmarks or points of interest in the photograph.

The reason that this is so challenging to find is because the Inn in question has been since been demolished and no trace of it ever exists of it in the modern day.

The former site of the Inn was demolished so that a full and complete row of houses could be built opposite the primary school in the village.

Pictured: The Barley Sheaf Inn was demolished to make way for this row of houses (Mason Moore for Hinckley Free Press)

Remembering Higham on the Hill railway station

Mason Moore | Hinckley Reporter | 16 May 2020

HINCKLEY and Nuneaton railway stations may sound familiar to you, however the local village of Higham on the Hill, which sits in between the two towns, used to be home to their very own railway station.

Higham on the Hill railway station was located at the very end of the road on Station Road in the village.

It sported a goods entrance, a bridge, platforms, and a station master’s house next to the station.

The station first opened in the 1870s by the Midlands-based railway company, Ashby and Nuneaton Joint Railway.

Back then, the trains would have come from Stoke Golding station to Higham on the Hill station, then they would have passed through Nuneaton’s Abbey Street station after.

It is also worth mentioning that Stoke Golding station and Abbey Street station are both closed.

In 1931, the decision was made to close Higham on the Hill station to passengers for good and they would still operate.

In 1962, the station finally closed for all traffic that would have passed through, making it closed for good and disused.

DISUSED, THEN DEMOLISHED: The now demolished village railway station (Supplied by Paul Gardner on behalf of Hinckley District Past and Present for Hinckley Free Press)

Whilst it is unknown what year the disused station was demolished, a warehouse on an industrial estate now occupies the former goods entrance to the left of the station master’s house.

The industrial estate on the land that used to be the goods entrance to the railway station (Mason Moore for Hinckley Free Press)

The station master’s house is still present to this day, however the land is private property and is now a private residence.

The house was built back in the year of 1875, by the railway company who were responsible for creating the railway station, Ashby and Nuneaton Joint Railway.

The station master’s house pictured in May 2020 (Mason Moore for Hinckley Free Press)

The current house owner, who has lived at the house for 13 to 14 years, exclusively revealed to the Hinckley Free Press that she had found some badges that the railway station workers worn during the time that the station operated.

THE BADGES: Reading “Porter”, “ANJR” and part of a London and North Western Railway badge (Mason Moore for Hinckley Free Press)

One of the badges belonged to a porter at the station who worked at the station. The badge reads “Porter”.

The job of a Porter was that they would have shown passengers by giving them a hand with their luggage and parcels.

The badge was found in the house owner’s back garden near the fence, where passengers could wait at.

The second badge pictured reads “ANJR”, the abbreviation of the Ashby and Nuneaton Joint Railway.

The final badge that was discovered is sadly broken in half, however the remaining piece is still easy to read and reads “& North Western”.

This matches up to the London and North Western Railway company which was founded in 1846.

Where the trains used to run through has since been fenced off as the land is owned by technology institute, MIRA, however the bridge is still visible through the fence.

The railway bridge used to be visible at this land which is now owned by MIRA (Mason Moore for Hinckley Free Press)

Even though the station is no longer standing in the present day, it is still a widely discussed talking point of interest. It is appreciated by local historians and train spotters a like.

History of Nuneaton’s Kingsholme pub

Nuneaton’s Kingsholme pub was once best known to residents of the town as The Coach and Horses, which was a frequently-visited and infamous part of Nuneaton’s Abbey run before sitting abandoned in its current sorry state.

CAPTURED: The derelict boozer pictured on 28 November 2018 (Vaughan Moore for Hinckley Free Press)

The now disused and derelict pub has not always looked this way and once operated under a completely different name.

According to Nuneaton pub enthusiast, Wolfie Swann, the Coach and Horses operated from at least 1806 until 1994.

The Coach and Horses then changed to The Kingsholme. The Kingsholme was a mock Tudor-style ‘modern’ pub. It operated from 1994 until either 2000 or 2001.

Local historian, Mark Palmer, commented on the former Nuneaton pub. He said: “I am hoping that it is either renovated and comes back into use, or it forms part of the Abbey Street regeneration and is demolished to make way for improvements.”

Nuneaton resident and freelance writer, Vaughan Moore, said: “It is sadly now derelict and has not been used in years.

“I think it should be demolished to make way for something better.”

The Coach and Horses pub was always frequented by Nuneaton residents who decided to take part in the infamous Abbey run.

The Abbey run seen pubgoers visiting all of the pubs in Abbey Street in one night before heading up to the last remaining and currently operating pub of them all, the Town Talk, located in Abbey Green which is just a five minute walk away from The Kingsholme.

There were also rumours in 2012 that in 2013 or 2014, the former boozer would be transformed into a petrol station, however, these plans never came to light, and surprisingly, nothing ever came from these proposals.

The currently disused pub is up currently up for grabs on the market on a commercial property letting website with the suggested use of being use of being a restaurant or café in the modern day.

Looking back: The history of the Hinckley Herald

Hinckley has been home to many print newspapers in its time – The Hinckley Times, The Hinckley Journal, The Hinckley Independent, but one of the least recognisable of the many was the Hinckley Herald.

The Hinckley Herald was a weekly free tabloid newspaper that set up in the mid-1970s.

It was distributed around the areas of Hinckley and the surrounding areas, including Barwell, Earl Shilton and Burbage.

The publication was owned by Coventry Newspapers Limited, a division of Trinity Mirror group.

Today, Trinity Mirror are best known under their new name of Reach plc., where they own digital news brands like Coventry Live and Leicestershire Live online.

The Hinckley Herald’s office was located on Station Road in Hinckley, in the Old Constitutional Club office space above the retail units.

The former Herald office space has sat empty from the mid-2010s where it was last used by the West Leicestershire branch of mental health charity Mind.

Where The Hinckley Herald used to operate from (Mason Moore for Hinckley Free Press)

The Hinckley Herald went from operating as a single newspaper to merging with The Hinckley Journal.

The Hinckley Journal was a free weekly advertising newspaper that was distributed around the market town of Hinckley at the same time as The Hinckley Herald and Hinckley Times.

When the Hinckley Herald purchased The Hinckley Journal, they took on a new and longer title for the newspaper of The Hinckley Herald and Classified Journal.

The Hinckley Herald and Classified Journal was published until June 2011 where it ceased publication.

They merged with the more well-known and popular local newspaper in Hinckley named The Hinckley Times.

All staff and writers of The Hinckley Herald moved into the Hinckley Times offices on Brunel Road just a three minute walk away from Station Road.

A photograph of The Hinckley Times offices back in June 2011 (Supplied by Google Street View)

The Hinckley Times offices on Brunel Road got demolished in more recent years to make way for The Crescent shopping complex.

Where The Hinckley Times on Brunel Road once sat, now demolished (Mason Moore for Hinckley Free Press)

The Hinckley Times relocated from their old offices in Brunel Road to their new space in The Atkins Building where they stayed from 2012 until Early 2020.

Sadly, the Hinckley Free Press were unable to track down any copies of the Hinckley Herald for this article. We do apologise about this and hopefully you were able to enjoy the article regardless.

Nuneaton’s loved and lost restaurants

Article by Mason Moore and Vaughan Moore

Nuneaton town centre has been home to many big brand restaurants and chains in the past.

Our Nuneaton and Hinckley Reporter, Mason Moore, has compiled a list of the most notable former restaurants to join the town centre with updates on what the spaces are now occupied by in 2020.

Hinckley Free Press would like to thank Nuneaton Memories and those who helped supply John Jevons photographs from his town centre photo collection archives.

Additional thanks to Vaughan Moore for his evidencing, proof and featured photo.

Pizza Hut

The Pizza Hut back in Abbey Street (Supplied by The John Jevons Collection to Nuneaton Memories for Hinckley Free Press)

Pizza Hut first set up shop in Abbey Street from the 1980s until March 2013.

In March 2013, bosses of the UK branch made the sad decision for Nuneaton’s dine-in restaurant to serve up their last few slices before leaving the town that month.

The American pizza giant have since joined the town of Nuneaton again in 2018 for a second time as a carry-out and delivery franchise, as opposed to a dine-in restaurant.

The closest dine-in restaurant to Nuneaton is in Coventry at the Arena Retail Park near the Ricoh Arena.

Currently, as it stands at the time of publication (30 March 2020), the former Pizza Hut space sits empty with a poster directing customers and potential landlords that the space is up for grabs with a short term letting.

However, next door in the former Poundland space, there is a dine-in dessert franchise named Kaspa’s Desserts that opened back in 28 August 2018.


Wimpy’s visual identity (Wimpy)

Wimpy went down a treat with many residents of the town centre back in the day.

Wimpy was the first American fast-food restaurant of its kind to step foot into Nuneaton in the 1960s.

Wimpy were the first to serve residents their first taste of an authentic American-style burger. Their ice creams proved to be a success among customers.

Their Nuneaton chain was operated by Wimpy franchisee Derek Gorman who also operated three Wimpy franchises in Coventry with locations on Fairfax Street, Ironmonger Row and Trinity Street.

The space that used to house Wimpy’s fast-food restaurant in more recent years has since changed ownership in the modern day.

The ownership has not been any big brand, but instead an independent chicken shop originally named Benny’s before becoming Dixy Chicken and finally Mojo’s Peri Peri.

The space still sits occupant at the time of this publication.

Starbucks Coffee

An interior shot of the more recent Starbucks branch in Bermuda Park (Vaughan Moore for Hinckley Free Press)

In 2018, American coffee giant Starbucks made headlines locally that they were snapping up a space in Bermuda Park with a drive-thru.

However, this is not the first time that Starbucks have tried their hand at serving cups of coffee to residents of the town.

Starbucks first opened in Market Place in Nuneaton town centre next door to Marks and Spencers and Boots.

Interestingly, the development of the newly-built Ropewalk complex back in 2005 seen the team at Ropewalk score a deal where Starbucks would have a short-term lease next door to Marks and Spencer.

Starbucks Coffee opened officially back in June 2007 before closing their doors just three years later in 19 October 2009.

Even though Starbucks have sadly moved over to Bermuda Park, visitors and residents of the town can still grab a hot drink and bite to eat from the independently-owned café and bar named The Time Café and Bar which sits in the former coffee house.

Baker’s Oven

Baker’s Oven was a British bakery chain owned by Allied Bakeries back in 1976. In 1994, the chain was bought out by their competitor, Greggs.

In 1999, the Bakery chain joined the town centre and moved into the space next door to WHSmith that used to be Moores The Bakers back in 1981.

From 2008, Baker’s Oven finally decided to rebrand their stores and start trading as a Greggs, years after they were purchased by them back in 1999.

Nostalgia: Retailers and restaurants of The Crescent’s past

THE CRESCENT is a fairly recent addition to Hinckley, however it has already seen many different occupants come and go.

The Crescent signage (Mason Moore for Notizie)

The Crescent shopping and leisure complex was purpose-built on the site of busy Hinckley street, Brunel Road, which used to occupy many different businesses and retailers before getting demolished to make way for it.

It opened officially to members of the public in 2015.

In January, it was mentioned how a new national homeware and clothes retailer are working with Wards to secure a deal to join the complex.

In this article, we shall be exploring the different retailers and restaurants who have left The Crescent.



Back when Meatcure were joining The Crescent and banners were up (Paul Gardner for Notizie)

Independently-owned burger joint Meatcure joined The Crescent on 27 April 2017.

Meatcure sadly closed their doors on 23 October 2017, just six months after it had opened.

When the burger chain joined, they had locations in Market Harborough and Leicester, both of which have also closed for good now.

Meatcure tried their hand at operating in Leamington Spa and Bedford, but both of these locations have now gone too.

The former Meatcure unit has been purchased by Italian restaurant I Due Vulcani, who opened in the space on 15 March 2018.


The Rossini’s logo at their former unit in The Crescent (Mason Moore for Notizie)

Rossini’s joined the complex back on 24 March 2016 when they relocated from their former Hinckley branch that was located on Coventry Road.

Their restaurant in The Crescent in March of 2016, was off to a good start, but in June of the very same year, the restaurant was hit by fire.

Rossini’s did manage to successfully reopen following the attack on the unit, until March 2019 when they were struck by fire for a second time.

This seen them permanently say goodbye to the town of Hinckley.

Louisianna’s Fried Chicken

A photograph of the once booming chicken business on opening day (Vaughan Moore for Notizie)

Lousianna’s Fried Chicken was a chicken restaurant, owned and operated by The Apprentice contestant, Joanna Kirk and her husband Leon Kirk.

The chicken restaurant focused on fried and grilled chicken and opened on 24 February 2018.

Louisianna’s closed on 18 June 2018 when the company went into liquidation because it didn’t reach the right amount of footfall the restaurant had expected to make it work.

In November 2019, the Lousianna’s restaurant unit was used as a builders and contractors office during the works on Coventry Building Society, the neighbouring unit to this vacant space.



The former Select space pictured on its opening day (The Crescent on Twitter)

Women’s fashion and clothes retailer Select opened on 23 November 2016 in the complex.

Select had a nearby location in Nuneaton before they had opened their Hinckley branch, however the store closed in March of 2018 and has been sitting empty since.

Luckily, there are signs of life for the former Select unit as Wards are trying to secure a deal with a national homeware and clothes retailer who will breathe new life back into the space, if plans do go ahead.

Guess How Much!

The first ever Guess How Much! store, which opened in The Crescent (Martin Jarvis for Notizie)

Hinckley was home to an original discount retailer named Guess How Much, a retail brand, that was being trialled in a total of six select towns when it joined The Crescent.

The Hinckley store opening in The Crescent made history as their first ever opening of a Guess How Much store when it opened on 7 June 2016.

The ‘coming soon’ sign for GHM! offering clothes and branded goods (Martin Jarvis for Notizie)

Guess How Much were a clothing, homeware and grocery chain that was backed by former Asda Supermarkets boss Andy Bond and Asda Supermarkets executive, Koray Gul.

The brand was commonly referred to as “GHM!” and was meant to rival Poundstretcher, Home Bargains and B&M which would see them try their hand at becoming a well-known name amongst their competitors.

Guess How Much featured exclusive clothing from a name that is now synonymous with Poundland, Pep and Co. This is because Pep and Co was also founded by Guess How Much’s boss, Andy Bond.

Guess How Much closed the doors to their Hinckley store when they merged with British retailer Poundland in March 2018.

Confusingly, Poundland existed when Guess How Much was in The Crescent, but it sat in the unit to the right of TK Maxx, next door to Guess How Much.

Poundland can be seen operating to the left of GHM! (Martin Jarvis for Notizie)

When GHM! and Poundland merged, Poundland moved into the GHM! space next door to Sainsburys, making the former Poundland unit to the right of TK Maxx vacant.